Small-scale models (SSMs) are critical to biopharmaceutical process development, technology transfer, process characterization, and process validation. Demonstrating that an SSM represents the large-scale manufacturing system is also required by regulatory authorities. However, while many biopharmaceutical companies are trying to implement qualified SSMs, there are many hurdles to overcome when designing, executing, and analyzing...
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May 2021 | Development Group
Small-scale models (SSMs) are widely used in the biopharmaceutical industry. These models are used for process development and optimization, scale-up, technology transfer, process characterization, process validation, virus clearance studies, and resolution of deviations encountered during manufacturing throughout a product’s lifecycle. SSMs are also referred to as ‘scale-down models’ or ‘scaled-down models’. Demonstration that an SSM is representative of the large-scale manufacturing system is called ‘small-scale model qualification’ (SSMQ), which is sometimes also referred to as ‘assessment’, ‘evaluation’, or ‘verification’. The demonstration is an important task that supports process validation and is required by regulatory authorities. However, design, execution and analysis of SSMQ studies can be challenging due to the lack of clear guidance on current best practices. This white paper provides options and tools for design, execution, and data analysis of SSMQs together with illustrative case studies.
Sep 2019 | Development Group
This paper sets out a retrospective analysis of industry data, comparing virus clearance in new and repeatedly cycled resins for two of the most commonly used chromatography steps in biopharmaceutical manufacturing: protein A and anion exchange. The vast data, collected over several decades from 12 member companies, was analyzed by the authors with the support of a statistician. The result is a coherent data set in an accessible, collated format.
The compelling conclusion of the paper is that viral clearance capability is not negatively impacted by resin cycling. This supports the view that viral clearance studies for repeatedly cycled resins are not necessary if appropriate cleaning methods are applied. Companies will be able to compare their own product-specific data with the collated data in the paper to provide an evidence-based rationale for health authorities and regulators for their own manufacturing processes.
Oct 2018 | Development Group
Members can download presentations that complement the paper ‘Retrospective evaluation of cycled resin viral clearance studies – A multiple company collaboration’. These materials have been presented at twuce between Oct 2018 and May 2019.
Viral clearance: Retrospective evaluation of low-pH viral inactivation and viral filtration data from a multiple company collaboration
May 2016 | Development Group
Considerable resources are spent within the biopharmaceutical industry to perform viral clearance studies, which are conducted for widely used unit operations that are known to have robust and effective retrovirus clearance capability. The collaborative analysis from the members of the BioPhorum Development Group Viral Clearance Working Team considers two common virus reduction steps in biopharmaceutical processes: low-pH viral inactivation and viral filtration. Analysis included eight parameters for viral inactivation and nine for viral filtration. The extensive data set presented in this paper provides the industry with a reference point for establishing robust processes in addition to other protocols available in the literature (e.g., ASTM Std. E2888-12 for low-pH inactivation). In addition, it identifies points of weakness in the existing data set and instructs the design and interpretation of future studies. Included is an abundance of data that would have been difficult to generate individually but collectively will help support modular viral clearance claims.
Viral clearance: Retrospective evaluation of low-pH viral inactivation and viral filtration data from a multiple company collaboration: PRESENTATIONS AND POSTERS
Mar 2016 | Development Group
Members can download here presentations and posters that complement the paper ‘Retrospective evaluation of cycled resin viral clearance studies – A multiple company collaboration’, and presented at seven conferences between March 2016 and September 2017.